SMILE INSTITUTE OF CHILD HEALTH
&
AKOLA TEST TUBE BABY CENTRE

 

FAQ’s on disabilities

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Short Description: FAQ’s on disabilities



Q. What is disability?
We all can sit, stand, walk, run, climb, touch, feel, see, fear and speak, read and write, learn and understand. A few cannot perform these activities. These few are people with disabilities.

Q. What is the number of people suffering with disabilities?
5 out of every 100 persons are estimated to be disabled while majority suffer from minor disability a few are severely affected.

Q. What are the causes and who are at risk?
Anyone can suffer rich/poor, rural/urban, educated/uneducated. Causes, are Antenatal, Natal, Post natal.
Antenatal :- Torch group of infection, too early or too late pregnancy.
Natel :- Prematurity, delayed cry, asphyxia, jaundice.
After birth :- Encephalopathy, accidents, epileptic seizures, Besides these polio, head injury, encephalitis metabolic disorders etc could cause disabilities.

Q. How can I avoid disabilities?
- Avoiding pregnancy before 18year and after 35year
- Regular checkup and treatment during pregnancy
- Get the delivery done by properly trained dais or at a health centre, hospital. Protect the child from various diseases by proper vaccination

Q. How do I recognize disabilities?
Delay in development milestones could be a pointer towards disabilities for eg.
- A child cannot sit at 5 to 10 months
- Does not recognizes mother by 2 months
- Looseness of the limbs
- Does not look when called by his/her name.
- Does not utter mono or bisyllables by 12-15 months
- Does not watch moving object by 3 months
- Does not reach out for toys by 4 – 5 months
- Behavior not appropriate for age
- Plays/ lost in his own world.
- Fails repeatedly in same class.

Q. Whom to contact:-
- Local family Physician/Pediatrician
- PHC – Primary Health Centre
- District disability rehabilation centre
- Smile Children Hospital ICH and CDC Ramdas path Akola.

Q. Do I get any scholarships and facilities?
Yes there are various scholarship and concessions like.
1. Scholarship for education.
2. Concession in rail/road fares
3. Various aids and appliances
4. Reservation in jobs.
5. Exemption from income tax.

Q. How to educate and train the disabled child.
The child can be educated in special schools. He/She can get home based training. As for as treatment is concerned there are various hospitals and early intervention centers likes smile hospital etc.

Q. What else can I do?
Lastly take proper care of wife at home Give her sufficient balanced diet keep the social atmosphere at home pleasant.